Top 10 European Cities By Population

Top 10 European Cities By Population

From the bustling metropolises of Istanbul and Moscow to the enchanting charm of Paris and London, here is the list of top 10 European cities by population.

1/10 Istanbul


Istanbul is the most populous city in Europe. It is Turkey'economic, cultural, and historical centre and is one of the world's most populous cities, with a population of nearly 16 million as of 2023. The most populous districts are the central ones of Fatih, Beyoğlu and Kadıköy, which are home to the majority of the city's residents. Istanbul's population is highly diverse, with over 300 different ethnic and religious groups represented. The largest ethnic group is Turks, who make up the majority (70%) of the population. Other major ethnic groups include Kurds, Greeks, Armenians, and Arabs, who all make up significant portions of the city's population. 

2/10 Moscow


Moscow, Russia's capital and largest city, is a sprawling metropolis with a population exceeding 13 million as of 2023, making it the second most populous city in Europe. The population of Moscow is highly diverse. About 74% of the population is of Russian descent, while other ethnic groups include Ukrainians, Tatars, Armenians, Jews, and Azerbaijanis. The city is also home to many immigrants from other parts of the former Soviet Union and other countries around the world.

3/10 London


London is the most populous city in the United Kingdom, with a population of 8.9 million people in 2019. This makes London the third most populous city in Europe. It is one of the most diverse cities in the world, with an estimated 300 languages spoken by Londoners and over 40% of Londoners born outside the UK. London is divided into 32 boroughs and the City of London which is the capital's financial district. The city is divided into inner and outer London, with the former having a higher population density. This is due to its central location and historical development. Inner London has a population of 7.6 million people, with the outer London districts having a population of 1.3 million people. London is a major center of immigration, with many people arriving from the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. This has created a very diverse population, with many different cultures and languages represented. This includes the largest minority group in London, the South Asian British community, which makes up 11% of London's population.

4/10 Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia and is the country’s cultural capital. As of 2020, the population of Saint Petersburg is approximately 5.6 million, making it the fourth most populous city in Europe. The city has experienced considerable population growth since the fall of the Soviet Union, with a population increase of more than 10% from 2010 to 2020. This growth is largely due to an increase in migration from other parts of Russia and from other former Soviet countries. The majority of the population is ethnic Russian, but the city also has a large number of other ethnic groups, including Ukrainians, Belarusians, Tatars, Armenians, Azeris, Georgians, and Lithuanians. 

5/10 Berlin


Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany with a population of 3.8 million people. It is the fifth most populous city in Europe. Berlin has a diverse population, with people of various ethnic backgrounds, religions, and nationalities. The city is home to immigrants from around the world, with the largest population of immigrants being from Turkey and other parts of the Middle East. Berlin also has a large population of German citizens, as well as other Europeans and Americans. Berlin is also a very young city, with a median age of 36 years, making it the youngest of all major cities in the EU. 

6/10 Madrid


Madrid is the capital city of Spain and the largest city in the country in terms of population. As of 2019, Madrid has an estimated population of 3.2 million people, making it the sixth most populous city of Europe. The city’s population is growing rapidly due to immigration. Madrid is home to people from all over the world, representing a variety of cultures and backgrounds. The city’s population is also diverse in terms of age. The median age of the city’s inhabitants is estimated to be 38.5 years old, with the majority of the population being between the ages of 25 and 44. 

7/10 Kyiv


Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine and the largest city in the country. According to the 2020 population estimate, the city has a population of 3 million, making it the 7th most populous city in Europe. Kyiv is a major cultural, scientific, educational and industrial centre of Eastern Europe. The most populous districts are Shevchenkivskyi, Podilskyi, and Obolonskyi, which together make up the city’s metropolitan area. The majority of Kyiv’s population is Ukrainian, but there are also significant Russian, Polish, Armenian and Jewish minorities. The city has a large influx of immigrants from other parts of the country, as well as from other countries, such as China, Uzbekistan, and Moldova. Kyiv also has a large and growing expatriate community.

8/10 Rome


Rome is the capital of Italy and the eighth most populous city of Europe. As of 2019, its population was estimated to be 2.8 million. Rome has seen a population boom in recent years, due to both natural growth as well as immigration. The population has been increasing since the 2000s, and is expected to continue to rise in the near future. As of 2019, Rome has the most foreign-born population of any Italian city. The majority of these are from Asia and Africa, with Romania, Albania, and the Philippines being the top three countries of origin. The city is also home to a large number of students, both foreign and Italian.

9/10 Bucharest


Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania. According to the 2022 estimates, the city had a population of 2.16 million, making it the 9th most populous city in the Europe. The city's population is extremely diverse, with a large number of ethnic minorities and foreign-born residents. The majority of the population is of Romanian origin, but there are also large numbers of Hungarians, Bulgarians, Turks, and Gagauz. 

10/10 Paris


Paris is the capital and most populous city of France. According to 2022 estimate, the population of Paris is 2.1 million. The city has a diverse population, with people from all parts of the world. The immigrants make up 18.3% of the population of Paris, with the largest groups being of North African and Sub-Saharan African origin. In addition, there are large populations of people of Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Polish origin. The population is also quite diverse in terms of religion, with Roman Catholics making up the largest group, followed by Muslims. Overall, Paris is a vibrant, cosmopolitan city with a diverse population. It is the largest city in the European Union and one of the most visited cities in the world, and it is home to a wide range of cultures, religions, and people from all parts of the world.

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