Lake Ladoga is the largest lake in Europe. It covers an area of 17891 square km and has a maximum depth of 230 m. Located in the northwest of Russia, it is part of the basin of the Neva River, which flows into the Gulf of Finland. The lake's total length is 219 km with a maximum width of 109 km. It has a total shoreline of 1,827 km, making it one of the longest lakes in the world.
Lake Onega, located in the Republic of Karelia, Russia is the second largest lake in Europe. It has a total surface area of 9,894 square km. The lake is quite varied in terms of its size, shape, and geography. It is divided into two distinct parts, the Onega Bay and the White Sea, which are connected by the Svir River. The Onega Bay is the larger of the two parts, spanning 5,743 square km, while the White Sea is smaller at 4,151 square km. It is also home to numerous islands scattered across its surface, with the largest being Kizhi Island.
Kuybyshev Reservoir is a large reservoir located on the Volga River in Russia. It was created in the 1950s for the purpose of controlling flooding in the Volga River basin and for hydroelectric power generation. The reservoir is located in the Samara region, stretching from the city of Tolyatti in the north to the city of Saratov in the south and covering an area of 6,450 square km. Kuybyshev Reservoir has an average depth of 10.8 metres and a maximum depth of 32 metres.
Lake Vänern is the largest lake in Sweden, covering an area of 5,655 square km. It is situated in the provinces of Västra Götaland and Värmland and is part of the Göta älv river system, which stretches over 500 km from Gothenburg in the southwest to the Baltic Sea in the northeast. The lake is of glacial origin, with the surrounding area consisting mainly of flat plains and hills. Lake Vänern is a popular destination for fishing and recreational activities.
The Rybinsk Reservoir is located in the Yaroslavl region of Russia, covering an area of 4,580 square km. This expansive reservoir is located on the Volga River and was created in the 1930s by the damming of the Mologa River, which forms the western boundary. The reservoir has a maximum depth of 74 meters and covers an area of more than 50,000 hectares. The Rybinsk Reservoir is a vital source of electricity and water for the region, supplementing the hydroelectric power provided by the Uglich Dam.
Lake Saimaa is an expansive body of water in Finland, covering an area of 4279 square km. The Lake is situated in southeastern Finland, with its boundaries stretching across the regions of South Karelia and the South Savo. It is connected to the Gulf of Finland by the Saimaa Canal, flowing through the towns of Lappeenranta and Imatra. Lake Saimaa is home to the unique Saimaa Ringed Seal, a critically endangered species that lives in the lake and its surrounding areas. It is believed to be the only seal species living in freshwater lakes and is an important part of the local culture and ecology.
Lake Peipus, also known as Chudskoye Lake, is a large lake located on the border between Estonia and Russia. It covers an area of 3,555 square km. The lake is located in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland and is connected to the Narva River and the Narva-Luga Canal. The lake has an irregular shape, with a maximum length of 80 km and a maximum width of 54 km. The lake is shallow, with a maximum depth of only 6.2 m. The lake is home to a wide variety of fish and aquatic life, including pike-perch, bream, roach, perch, and burbot. The lake is also an important source of drinking water for both Estonia and Russia.
Tsimlyansk Reservoir, situated in the Rostov region of Russia, is an artificial lake in Europe. The reservoir's total area is 3,450 square km. Tsimlyansk Reservoir was created in 1957 when a dam was built on the Don River to generate hydroelectric power. The dam is 8.5 kilometers long, and the reservoir is bordered by the Don River on one side and the Tsimlyanskoye Lake on the other. The reservoir has a maximum depth of 17 meters and an average depth of 7 meters.
The Kremenchuk Reservoir, also known as Kremenchuk Sea, is located in Central Ukraine and is the largest reservoir in the country. The reservoir covers a total area of 2,250 square km and is fed by the Dnieper River. The water level of the reservoir ranges from 50-90 meters, depending on the season. The Kremenchuk Reservoir was created in the late 1950s as a part of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station, the largest hydroelectric station in Ukraine. The station was designed to provide electricity to many of the nearby towns and cities. The reservoir is one of the most important water resources in the region and is used for both irrigation and drinking water purposes.
Kakhovka Reservoir is located in the Kherson Oblast of Ukraine. It is the second largest reservoir in Ukraine and is one of the main sources of water for the region. It was created by the completion of the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Station in 1956. The reservoir is 2,155 square km in size. The reservoir is roughly circular in shape and its shoreline is around 300 km long. The average depth is 8 meters while the maximum depth is 13 meters. The reservoir is fed mainly by the Dnieper River and the Dniester River, which together account for 77% of the inflow.