Madagascar is an island located off the southeastern coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. It is the fourth largest island in the world and the largest island in the Indian Ocean, with an area of 587,041 square kilometers. The country of Madagascar is home to a variety of diverse landscapes. Its coastline is characterized by sandy beaches, lagoons and coral reefs. Inland, the landscape is dominated by rainforests, deciduous woodlands, and savannahs.
Sumatra, an island in western Indonesia, is known for its stunning natural beauty, diverse landscapes, and rich biodiversity. It is the sixth-largest island globally, featuring lush rainforests, towering volcanoes, and pristine beaches. It has an area of 475,807 sq km. Sumatra is home to endangered species like the Sumatran tiger and orangutan. The island's culture is a vibrant blend of various ethnic groups, including the Batak, Minangkabau, and Acehnese, with a rich history of traditions, music, and dance.
Java, an island in Indonesia, has a land area of approximately 124,413 square kilometers. It is one of the world's most densely populated islands. This relatively compact landmass hosts diverse landscapes, including fertile plains, volcanic mountains, and tropical rainforests. It is divided into four provinces: Banten, West Java, Central Java, and East Java. Java's volcanic soil supports vital agricultural activities, contributing significantly to Indonesia's economy.
Sri Lanka is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of India. The island of Sri Lanka is about 65,610 square kilometers. This tropical paradise is a popular tourist destination, known for its stunning beaches, lush greenery, and rich cultural heritage. The shape of the island is an oval, with the southern tip of the island pointed towards the Indian Ocean. The coastline of the island is 1,340 kilometers long, with magnificent beaches, bays, and coves. The geography of Sri Lanka consists of a variety of terrains, including highlands, lowlands, and coastal plains. The highest point on the island is Adam’s Peak, which stands 2,243 meters tall.
Timor is an island in Southeast Asia, shared by two nations, Indonesia (West Timor) and Timor-Leste (East Timor). It has a total land area of about 30,777 square kilometers. Timor's landscape is characterized by rugged mountains, tropical rainforests, and coastal plains. The island's biodiversity includes unique flora and fauna, and it is known for its diverse marine life. East Timor gained independence from Indonesia in 2002, and both nations have distinct cultures and languages.
Sumba is an island located in eastern Indonesia, part of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It covers an area of approximately 11,059 square kilometers. The island is characterized by its stunning natural beauty, featuring rolling hills, picturesque savannahs, and pristine beaches. Sumba is known for its unique culture and traditions, including the famous Pasola ritual, a traditional mounted spear-fighting competition.
Nias, an island in Indonesia, has a land area of approximately 5,625 square kilometers. It is located off the western coast of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Nias is known for its stunning natural beauty, featuring pristine beaches, lush rainforests, and dramatic cliffs. The island is also famous for its unique culture, with traditional practices such as stone jumping, a test of bravery and strength.
Kangaroo Island, located off the southern coast of Australia, has a land area of approximately 4,405 square kilometers. Known for its breathtaking natural landscapes, Kangaroo Island is a haven for wildlife, featuring diverse ecosystems ranging from pristine beaches and rugged coastlines to dense forests and sand dunes. The island is home to a wide array of native Australian animals, including kangaroos, koalas, and sea lions.
Siberut Island, part of the Mentawai Islands in Indonesia, covers a land area of approximately 3838 square kilometers. It is known for its remote and pristine natural beauty, featuring dense rainforests, lush vegetation, and a rugged, hilly terrain. The island is famous for its unique indigenous culture, with the Mentawai people living in traditional longhouses and practicing age-old customs.
Réunion Island, a French overseas department located in the Indian Ocean, covers a land area of approximately 2,512 square kilometers. This volcanic island is renowned for its stunning and diverse landscapes, featuring lush rainforests, dramatic volcanic peaks, and picturesque beaches. The towering Piton de la Fournaise is one of the world's most active volcanoes and a significant geological attraction.